Les Garrigues , with 20,350 inhabitants (2008) and 799.71 sq. km, are bounded in the north by Segrià, Pla d'Urgell and Urgell, in the south by Priorat, in the east by Conca de Barberà, whereas the west is bounded by Tarragona's region Ribera d'Ebre.
Besides the geographical limits, it is Garrigues' own terrain features what establishes the limits.
The landscape is outlined by olive and almond trees all over the region, distinguished by dry and arid soil except for some specific parts. The olive tree is the most widespread crop in the region; the typical variety of olive tree is the Arbequina and its olive, small, round and with firm flesh, produces an olive oil with low acidity which is considered to be the best olive oil by the experts.
Arbeca, les Borges Blanques, Juneda, Puiggròs, and part of Castelldans make up an area in which, thanks to Urgell canal water, lucerne, corn and, above all, fruit trees are able to grow.
On the other hand, in Albi, Cervià, Espluga Calba, Fulleda, Pobla de Cérvoles, Tarrés, Vilosell and Vinaixa they also grow grapes for making cava.
The River Set, the most important river in the region, is born in the heart of Serra de Llena (mountain range), but most of the year it is dry due to the arid and continental climate and, when it does carry water, it flows through Vilosell, Pobla de Cérvoles, Albi, Cervià, Albagés and Cogul.
Stone also has a privileged role in the cultural heritage of the region. Dry stone constructions are mainly either old huts with an arched roof, water containers, field containing walls or field boundaries, shelters and refuges. These constructions were exclusively built of stone (without sticking the different blocks together) and perfectly fit Garrigues landscape.