Juneda, with a regular population of about 3,343 inhabitants, is set in the north of Garrigues region. It borders Segrià and Pla de l’Urgell regions.
Its land area is 47.30 sq km and its fields share the characteristics of Urgell landscape, irrigated by Urgell Canal, and of Garrigues landscape, typical of Aranyó and Miravall country disctricts.
In the south of the village area there is Tossal Gross (hill), which is 482 m high. The River Femosa flows next to the urban area; it used to be known as Sèquia Mare (irrigation channel) and the most fertile fields of Juneda were situated around it; these fields had an irrigation channels network that watered them, the orchards and moved the old hydraulic flour mills.
Juneda is mainly an agricultural and cattle-raising village. The principal agricultural products are sweet fruit (apples, pears and peaches), cereals (wheat, barley and maize), forage (lucerne) and tobacco.
The major cattle-raising activity is pork but poultry farming, with quail-raising, is also important. Other principal activities are the handmade elaboration of tobacco (caliquenyos) as well as an incipient commercial and industrial sector.
The village has a medieval origin with traces of a walled design which made up the walled village around Turó del Calvari (hill). They still preserve one of the Gothic 14th-century restored gates, called Portal del Lamarca or del Marca, which connected with the castle where Ducs de Cardona (dukes), former lords of the village, lived. Other monuments and historic buildings are the Baroque parish church (built in 1740), the 15th-century so-called Pou de Gel (ice well) (restored some years ago), the arcaded Carrer Major (main street) and several monumental houses from the 16th to 19th centuries. It is also worth mentioning the newly restored 15th-century Creu de Terme (milestone cross), Gothic in style and catalogued as cultural heritage of national interest.
Another main attraction is Museu Etnològic i d’Arqueologia (Ethnological and Archaelogical Museum), with an important collection of tools, implements and machines related with rural life, the home and old guilds. Its archaelogical section displays exhibits from the Bronze Age as well as the Iberian, Roman and Arabian times, among which we can highlight the ones dug out from Minferri deposit and which will be the basis of the new achaeofauna room to be housed soon in the future cultural complex of the village. Minferri is a necessary reference when studying the 4,000-year-old life and death of the inhabitants of Lleida’s plain.